Harold Washington was one of the nation’s leading African-American politicians and one of Chicago’s most influential mayors. A graduate of Roosevelt College (now Roosevelt University) and Northwestern University School of Law, he was a lawyer before entering politics. He served as a state representative, state senator, U.S. congressman and mayor of Chicago. As mayor, he fought for minority rights, opened the city’s budget process to public input, led the movement for Illinois’ Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday Bill and created an ethics commission. These accomplishments came in spite of fierce opponents in the city council.